Coveyor Systems for Material Handling?


To move any sort of material to the next step of processing, inspection or packing, conveyor systems are used. The material can be of any kind, be it raw material, chemicals or food items. Conveyor systems are the equipment that moves material from one place to another in an industry.

There are a lot many types of conveyors like belt conveyors, screw conveyors, vertical conveyors, vibratory conveyors, bucket elevators, etc. They all work on different principles like motor, air pressure and vacuum. All of these are suited for different tasks in different industries.

The overhead conveyors are not cheap, but considering the amount of time and manpower that they save, they are a good buy. They reduce the occupation of space and reduce risks of accidents. Overhead conveyors are used in tyre, food, car exhaust, distribution and assembly industries.

Another type of conveyor called the bucket elevator is a mechanism for moving flowing bulk material vertically. It is also called a grain leg and can transport bulk material which can either be fine or large lumps of any weight. This mechanism consists of a belt which carries buckets for holding the material. These buckets are moved by the belt which is driven by motor. It also consists of some accessories for loading or unloading the material. Bucket elevators are designed in such a way that the movement of the material is gentle and ensures minimum stress to the material being moved.


Belt conveyors are another type of conveyors. These are used in multiple sectors from industries to departmental stores and bakeries. Belt conveyor is used to move bulk or unit load material within the processing line. The load is carried about from one point to another or to the end of line in the processing system. These points can be for packaging, assemble, checking, etc. Belt conveyors are low cost and product specific systems which undoubtedly make the work easier. In departmental stores, these can be found on the billing counters, on airports they are used for baggage handling and they are also found in several other places. They can be controlled by a basic push button at each stop or can be programmed to stop for a specific time at a specific position. Troughed, Flat Bed, Plastic Modular and Dished Broom are the types of conveyor belts.

Another cost effective and widely used type of conveyor is Roller Conveyor. Over time, they have evolved and now offer a more powerful output which is suitable for heavy duty applications like automotive, pallet handling, heavy storage loading, etc. The rollers are powered by a geared motor which is shaft mounted. These rollers are heavy duty and have a very high tolerance for weights.

Conveyors of any kind can be customised according to ones needs and requirements. It is very important to get the right type of conveyors based upon the type of job it is installed for because the conveyor that suits one kind of job might not suit the other type.

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