Conveyors are pieces of equipment that move raw materials and finished products from one place to another. The type of conveyor that is to be used depends on the type of product that needs to be transported, its location, and the distance between which it has to be moved.
Two main types of conveyors are available in production today- one for handling single units of material and the second for handling larger bulks of material. The most common conveyor type is the conveyor belt, which is essentially an extremely long belt made up of fabric, rubber, or other material. Usually, there are multiple layers of this placed one on top of each other and connected to motors and pulleys. The belt then moves between different pulleys with support and specific points around the circumference of the main belt. Conveyor belts can be used to transport almost any and every kind of material and product, ranging from minute powders to huge boulders. The speed at which a product or material can be moved from one place to another is mainly dependent on the type of product and the kind of processing equipment being used. A well-oiled machine carrying smaller amounts of materials and products will probably move faster than a machine that is not in good shape. Further, heavier loads will move slower because of the weight.
The second type of conveyor seen is the chain conveyor. This type of conveyor has five sub-types under it which each have their own functions for different situations. These types are- the apron conveyor (also known as a slat conveyor), the sliding chain conveyor, the heavyweight plates, the push bar conveyor, and the twin chain conveyor.
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The next type of conveyor that is used for industrial purposes is the vibration conveyor. This type of conveyor is held up using different hinges and springs linked to each other using a drive system. An interesting point to note about them is that some can constantly move items without pausing or taking a break. An example of this is the cleated conveyor that can be used on an inclined plane or a horizontal one, depending on the necessity. The cleated conveyor is designed in such a manner that your materials are handled less forcefully. These belts can carry products and materials up extremely steep inclines and even across different walls.
Conveyor belts are usually used to join, sort, identify, separate, or mix different products before transporting these products to the new location. Conveyors can help sort products according to product shape, size, weight, static charge, and other properties that can be unique to each product.
These belts are used in a variety of industries ranging from heavy-duty to light. They can be used in various industries ranging from assembly lines in factories to medical and food industries.