Deep vein thrombosis is a medical term used when a thrombus or clot develops within a deep vein, and it mostly occurs in the legs. In some people, it is accompanied by signs like swelling and pain in the legs while others may have it but have no symptoms at all.
This condition is a serious one, and it should be treated as soon as it is diagnosed. Failure to do so can result in the blood clots in the veins breaking loose and traveling through the bloodstream. They can lodge themselves in the lungs or, in worst-case scenario, in the heart. When this happens, they block blood flow to these organs. Such a scenario can lead to the development of more serious medical conditions. This text discusses the causes, signs, treatment, and quality of life after deep vein thrombosis, DVT.
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Causes of Deep Vein Thrombosis
As time goes by, your organs slow down. That means they do not perform their tasks as efficiently as they used to. Although the condition can occur at any age, the risk becomes greater after one hits 40. When your immune system becomes sluggish, it increases the chances of you developing deep vein thrombosis.
When your Body Mass Index, BMI, is above thirty, the chances of blood clots developing in the deep vein of your legs becomes higher. Being obese means that body fats are deposited all over your body in large amounts. They can start squeezing the veins or leaving very little room for them, and this can result in the formation of clots.
Inherited Blood Disorders
Some conditions run in families and scientists are yet to find ways of preventing parents from passing their genes to their offspring. Some of these conditions can cause your blood to be thicker than normal. Thick blood tends to clot more often, so people with such conditions are at a higher risk of developing chronic deep vein thrombosis.
Some lifestyle choices put you at a higher risk of developing severe medical conditions like DVT. Smoking is a habit that people develop, and it usually makes one’s blood cells stickier than normal. The presence of sticky blood cells increases the chances of one developing blood clots in the deep veins of the legs.
Exercising on a regular basis keeps your muscles active and your heart healthy, meaning it will pump blood more efficiently. Being inactive causes your muscles to relax, especially those of the lower legs. It makes it hard for blood to move around or circulate in the lungs as it should. Inactive or relaxed leg muscles increase the chances of one developing blood clots.
During pregnancy, the veins in your legs and pelvis are put under a lot of pressure due to the baby’s weight. A pregnant lady should try to keep her leg muscles active to reduce the risk of developing Deep Vein Thrombosis.
Symptoms of DVT
• Chest pains that worsen when one breathes in
• Pain or tenderness in the legs
• Swelling of the legs
• Redness or discoloration of the legs
• Coughing up blood
• Sudden shortness of breath
Quality of Life after DVT
Measures of mortality and morbidity are ordinarily dependent on the ability to quantify the impact of illness on one’s health and daily functioning. The development of deep vein thrombosis can lower the quality of your life significantly. Thanks to scientific research, it is possible to increase the quality of life of people with chronic DVT. Explained below are tips on how to achieve that.
Learn More about DVT
People tend to fear what they do not understand or have very little knowledge about. Worrying and anxiety tend to put one under a lot of stress, and this can decrease their health status significantly. Once you are diagnosed with the condition, do not rely on rumors; instead, do some research. Strive to understand the condition and ask your doctor as many questions as possible. Once you understand the medical condition, you will worry less about it and even practice things that will keep the symptoms at bay.
This does not necessarily mean you do intense cardio. Simple exercises like walking or swimming have a significant impact on your muscles. The key here is to prevent your muscles from being relaxed and also to promote the free flow of blood in your veins. If you have already developed deep vein thrombosis, you can prevent more clots from forming by exercising your legs regularly. Pregnant women should also find a set of exercises they can easily partake in to lower the risk of developing DVT
Watch What You Eat
Too much body fat is dangerous for your health. People who are overweight are at a higher risk of developing conditions like DVT due to the accumulation of too much fat near the veins. As much as exercising will help you shed some weight, what you eat determines whether the weight loss will be progressive and if you will be able to maintain a healthy BMI. Eating a balanced diet helps to increase the life quality of people with DVT.
Drop Unhealthy Habits
Once a diagnosis has been made, drop habits that may have contributed to the development of this condition. Your DVT could be due to smoking cigarettes or other substances. Apart from making blood cells stickier, smoking also harms the blood vessels’ lining. Finding a way of dropping such a habit will lower the chances of the condition getting worse, which will improve the quality of your life.
Follow Through with Treatment
You should continue with the treatment that your doctor has put you under, especially if you have chronic deep vein thrombosis. Most people are given blood thinners to help control the clotting. If you have another medical condition that makes your blood thicker than usual, blood-thinning medications should be your companion unless a doctor advises you otherwise.
Deep vein thrombosis has become quite common today, and it is mostly due to the daily decisions people make. Aim at living a healthy life even if you have not been diagnosed with any medical condition. If you have already been diagnosed with DVT, strive to improve the quality of your life by following the simple tips explained above.